Doğan Cüceloğlu İle
Sorumlu AB Komisyoneri
Gunther Verhuegen'in demeci
It is for me a great pleasure to speak at today's meeting of the
EU-Turkey Association Council. Since we last met in April 2000,
there has been much progress to report in EU-Turkish relations.
Turkey is now fully involved in the Enlargement process as a candidate
country. The conditions for Turkey's accession to the EU are the
same as for all candidate countries. Almost every day, EU and
Turkish parliamentarians, officials, experts and business people
are working in co-operation to carry out the necessary preparatory
work. I would especially like to address current issues such as
for example the economic reform, the latest developments in EU-Turkish
relations, and the NPAA. Economic situation
We know that the Turkish crisis of February 2001 has caused considerable
hardship not only for Turkish citizens, but also for many firms.
The Commission welcomes the extensive reform programme, which
the Turkish Government has successfully established after intensive
negotiations with the international financial institutions. All
parts of the new Turkish economic plan should be fully implemented
to ensure a speedy economic recovery. At Gothenburg, the EU reiterated
its continuing support for this economic programme. We are impressed
by the progress made by Turkey in such a short period of time.
I would like to mention a few examples: The banking law has been
changed. This addresses one of the core elements in the economic
reform programme. Another law, which also addresses this issue,
was also passed. It concerns the independence of the Turkish Central
Bank. Other reform initiatives that led to important changes are
the liberalisation of the gas, electricity and telecom markets.
The privatisation of Turkish Airlines as well as the reduction
of subsidies in the tobacco sector and the privatisation of the
sugar companies are also important decisions. These encouraging
developments correspond to the goals of the economic part of the
Accession Partnership and we urge the Turkish Government to continue
this path. Recent Progress in EU/Turkey relations
The pre-accession strategy for Turkey includes political dialogue.
Different meetings took place under the Swedish Presidency. Today's
breakfast meeting provided another opportunity for us to exchange
views. One of the main themes of that dialogue, the human rights
situation, still gives considerable grounds for concern. Although
both the Government and the Parliament have taken measures to
improve the situation of the prisoners in the prisons, the hunger
strikes have not ended. The Commission deeply regrets the deaths
of 24 people in connection with the hunger strikes. Many more
people are in a life threatening situation.
believe that a way should be found to enter dialogue on the implementation
of a new package of prison reforms with the representatives of
the inmates, without in any way supporting the political views
of those who are behind the hunger strikes. It would be important
for the improvement of the Turkish image in the EU if this issue
is rapidly solved. The UN-sponsored process on Cyprus should resume
as soon as possible. Like all other parties, Turkey has an important
role to play in ensuring positive results in the months ahead.
Time is pressing. The accession negotiations with Cyprus are progressing
rapidly. Turkey has repeatedly confirmed its commitment to support
the efforts of the Secretary General of the United Nations and,
we trust, this support will encourage all parties concerned to
move towards a solution. Mr. Denktas should be encouraged to reengage
in the UN process and should return to the negotiation table.
We reiterate our views that in order to further build confidence,
bi-communal projects should be implemented. The Commission will
continue to arrange information meetings on the Community acquis
in the northern part of Cyprus. The European Commission welcomes
the recent improved relations between Greece and Turkey in various
fields, which led to a number of confidence-building measures.
These improvements should help to achieve the objectives outlined
in the Helsinki conclusions.
Turkish National Programme for the Adoption of the Acquis provides
a wide-ranging agenda of political and economical reforms. The
Commission will provide a detailed analysis of the NPAA in the
next Regular Report. Further implementation of the measures set
out, particularly those in the political field, is essential.
The debate in Turkey on constitutional reform is of particular
importance in modernising the country in preparing for EU membership.
We hope that a political consensus on these reforms will be found.
Soon after Helsinki the process of preparation of the analytical
examination of the acquis started. Eight subcommittees of the
Association Committee were created to carry out this work. The
second round of meetings will be completed next month. Altogether,
this exercise has involved more than 400 officials from both sides
coming from various ministries and public agencies covering a
broad range of subjects. Work so far has allowed for a better
and broader understanding of the situation in different policy
sectors. The objectives and requirements of EU policies have been
explained in detail. The overall state of alignment of Turkey's
legislation is uneven, given that work has only recently begun
in many sectors. The Commission recommends that Turkey should
undertake a careful scheduling of the different steps needed,
in the right order of priority. Attention should also be focused
on ensuring sufficient administrative capacity and proper enforcement.
Judicial reform is very important in this context. The Turkish
authorities shall ensure that all legislative proposals conform
to the Community acquis.
the conclusions of the Feira European Council, the EC will report
to the Council in November on the preparation for the analytical
examination of the acquis. Any recommendations will be part of
the Commission's Enlargement Strategy Paper, which will accompany
the Regular Reports in November. The European Commission has made
a political commitment to doubling the funds for financial assistance
to Turkey for the remaining part of the financial perspective.
Turkey can be assured that this commitment will be honoured. The
Commission has proposed that all assistance to Turkey be granted
under a single financial Regulation, according to uniform procedures,
in support of pre-accession priorities. The preparatory work is
progressing as scheduled. Turkey needs to strengthen the management
structures required to make proper use of our financial assistance.
In this context, the Commission expects that the Turkish Government
soon will take a decision to streamline the co-ordination of financial
assistance. These new structures should be identical to those
in other candidate countries, and need to be operational as soon
as possible so that we can work together effectively. On the participation
of Turkey in Community programmes, the Council has recently given
a mandate for the Commission to negotiate a framework agreement
with Turkey. This will simplify and accelerate the procedures
needed for Turkey's participation in each programme. Such an agreement
should be agreed with Turkey in the near future. Turkey will also
soon gain full access to the TAIEX offices (technical assistance
information exchange offices) in connection with the accession
preparation. The current work within the field of Social Dialogue
between the Commission and Turkey will be enhanced. Preparatory
measures will soon begin for Turkey's participation in the education
programmes Leonardo, Socrates and Youth. It is important that
the National Agency, which is to co-ordinate the management of
these programs, be set up soon. I am convinced that we, together
with the Turkish authorities, will be able to make substantive
progress on these issues in the coming weeks. Attention also needs
to be given to the full implementation of the Association Agreement
and the Customs Union. This is also confirmed by a Judgement made
by the Court of First Instance. The remaining barriers to trade
should be eliminated in accordance with a time schedule, which
needs to be jointly agreed. A number of technical barriers to
trade still exist within, for example, Norms and Standards and
Intellectual Property Rights. These issues need to be solved as
soon as possible. Implementing rules for competition are to be
finalised as soon as possible. Turkey also needs to establish
an independent State Aid control body. Mechanisms for mutual consultation
will be strengthened. Turkey will thus be able to discuss issues
concerning the functioning of the Customs Union and receive further
clarifications on the EU position in this area. Turkey will participate
in a number of additional technical committees.
* * *
Looking back on our achievements over recent months, my conclusion
is that many of the new structures needed to implement the pre-accession
strategy have been put in place. We should be proud of this. The
challenge now is to concentrate our efforts on making further
substantial advances, both on political and economic reforms and
on alignment with the acquis. I am confident that by continuing
to work together closely we can make further progress towards
achieving our common goals.
KÜÇÜK BİR ARŞİV
Dr. Arı Balcı
Dr. Mehmet Gürsel
Dr. Erhan Özer
Dr. Ender Saraç
Dr. Nesrin Yetkin
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